Type 2 diabetes, formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes, occurs when the body’s cells are resistant to insulin. The pancreas may initially produce enough insulin, but the body cannot utilize it properly as fuel. After several years though, insulin production may slow down in the body. Type 2 diabetes is also characterized by high blood glucose, but if blood sugar levels are properly maintained, then the risk of complications such as neuropathy and blindness can be reduced. Although the disease is often viewed as a progressive one, it is because of poor management. Although it is a chronic disease, there are treatments that can effectively delay or prevent consequences of the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with aging, although an increasing number of children are being diagnosed due to increasing obesity rates. Other factors include family history of diabetes, pervious history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, ethnicity and obesity. 90 to 95 percent of diabetics suffer from type 2.